History of the tire -
The earliest tires were bands of iron (later steel), placed on wooden wheels, used on carts and wagons.
The tire would be heated in a forge fire, placed over the wheel and quenched, causing the metal to contract and fit tightly on the wheel. A skilled craftsman, known as a wheelwright, did this work. The tension of the metal band served the purpose of holding or "tying" the wooden spokes of the wheel together, hence the term "tire."
In addition to tying the spokes together, the tire also provided a wear-resistant surface to the perimeter of the wheel.
As wheels changed over time, the term "tire" continued to be used for the outer band even when it no longer served the purpose of tying the spokes together.
The first practical pneumatic tire was made by the Scot John Boyd Dunlop for his son's bicycle, in an effort to prevent the headaches his son had while riding on rough roads (Dunlop's patent was later declared invalid because of prior art by fellow Scot Robert William Thomson).
The pneumatic tire also has the more important effect of vastly reducing rolling resistance compared to a solid tire. Because the internal air pressure acts in all directions, a pneumatic tire is able to "absorb" bumps in the road as it rolls over them without experiencing a reaction force opposite to the direction of travel, as is the case with a solid (or foam-filled) tire.
The difference between the rolling resistance of a pneumatic and solid tire is easily felt when propelling wheelchairs or baby buggies fitted with either type so long as the terrain has a significant roughness in relation to the wheel diameter.
Pneumatic tires are made of a flexible elastomer material such as rubber with reinforcing materials such as fabric and wire. Tire companies were first started in the early 20th century, and grew in tandem with the auto industry.
Today over 1 billion tires are produced annually, in over 400 tire factories, with the three top tire makers commanding a 60% global market share...
Tire Service Center of Cherokee has what you're looking for -
By Mike Leckband
If you're looking for quality brand name tires, Tire Service Center of Cherokee may be just the place for you.
Located at 1500 S. Second St., behind Schoon Construction's office complex, Tire Service Center carries such brand names as Master Craft, General Tire, Toyo Tire, Firestone and Bridgestone, plus many types of Ag tires.
Tire Service Center has also recently joined the Tire 1 group and now is a Tire 1 dealer.
Tire Service Center has been in Cherokee since 2002, and employs four employees, including manager Brad Riley . In recent months, the show room at Tire Service Center has been remodeled and many varieties of tires are on display.
Riley stated that on average that they handle about 20 operations per day. That number changes depending on what time of year it is...
...Some of the many services offered at Tire Service Center are state of the art full service alignments, transmission fluid flushing, coolant flushing, and oil change or servicing brakes, shock and struts.
They also offer a 24-hour field and road service and free pick up and deliveries of their tires. When purchasing and set of four new tires, Tire Service Center offers free rotations and balancing of those tires for the entire life expectance of those tires.
Riley (photo) is also proud of what he calls their "custom market," which includes custom wheels, including tires and rims, accessories for trucks and cars. Tire Service Center also has tires for ATV's/4-wheelers, boat trailers and motorcycles.
Tire Service Center is open Monday through Friday from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. and 7 a.m. to noon on Saturday. You can also visit their website at www.tireservicecenter.com
. Tire Service Center of Cherokee is only a phone call away at 712-225-2100.
Tire safety tips -
Here are some of the top tire safety tips to help you keep your vehicle in top shape.
1. Check tire pressures and adjust at least once a month.
According to studies conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) on tire-related crashes, the leading cause of tire failure is under inflation.
Under inflation can have many causes, including a gradual loss of pressure through membranes in the tire it self. It is typical for pressure to drop approximately 1 psi per month and 1 psi for each 8-degree loss in ambient temperature.
Under inflation has immediate effects on vehicle handling (as well as fuel consumption), but its potential impact on overall safety and tire life are even greater. It results in premature and uneven tread wear on the outer edges. Under inflation also increases stress on the carcass itself, through flexing and overheating, which can lead to structural failures such as tread separation.
That's why it is imperative to check and adjust tire pressure at least once a month and before every long trip (over 250 miles). Recommended pressures are printed on a label located on the driver's doorframe or in the glove box.
2. Inspect tires regularly for abnormal wear or damage.
To ensure maximum tire life and safety, give your tires a visual inspection at least once a month and before long trips. This is easily done at the same time you check pressures.
* Excessive or uneven tread wear, which may indicate improper inflation or steering and suspension misalignment;
* Cracks or bulges on the sidewalls or tread;
* Chunking of the tread or any indication of tread separation from the carcass;
* Signs of puncture, or nails, screws, glass, pieces of stone or any foreign object imbedded in the tire.
If you detect any of these conditions, take the vehicle in for further diagnosis immediately. In most cases, punctures can be repaired if their size is not excessive.
In general, external "plugs" are not recommended. Repairs should be made from the inside, and a complete inspection made while the tire is off the rim. Sealing compounds and other emergency aids should be treated only as a means of moving the vehicle to a safe location for repair.
If abnormal tire pressure loss occurs, check the valve stems for leakage, as well as the tire itself.
3. Rotate tires every 6,000 miles or according to owner's manual.
Tire rotation is essential to achieve even tread wear and maximum tread life. On front-wheel-drive cars, for example, most of the braking, steering and driving forces are carried by the front tires, which inevitably wear much faster.
A "cross-rotation pattern"--that is, moving the left-front tire to the right-rear axle, the right-front tire to the left-rear axle, etc.--can best balance tread wear and maximize tire life. That sequence can be performed on any vehicle equipped with four non-unidirectional tires. Designated by an arrow on the sidewall, unidirectional tires must be rotated only front to rear and rear to front, on the same side of the vehicle, so their direction of revolution does not change.
All-wheel-drive and four-wheel-drive vehicles are best suited to a lateral rotation--left to right and right to left--at the same end of the vehicle.
4. Maintain tires in proper balance.
Out-of-balance tires can not only cause uneven tread wear and an uncomfortable ride but also excessive wear on the suspension and other components. An out-of-balance tire can be detected by a severe thumping, usually most pronounced at highway speeds.
If such a condition occurs, have your tires dynamically balanced as soon as possible. An experienced technician can usually determine which tire is out-of-balance by driving the car.
Tire balancing involves placing weights in appropriate places on the bead or inner circumference of the wheel. Tires should always be balanced when first installed, and whenever they are remounted.
5. Maintain steering and suspension in proper alignment.
Misalignment of the steering and suspension, either front or rear, can not only adversely affect the steering feel and stability of a vehicle, but also cause rapid and uneven tire wear. If not corrected, this misalignment can ruin a tire in a short time and distance.
If you feel the steering "pulling" in one direction or another when traveling straight ahead on a flat road with no crosswind, or if you notice uneven wear on the tires, particularly front tires, you should have the alignment checked and adjusted as soon as possible.
Alignment should also be checked after a vehicle has been involved in a collision or if it is used continuously on rough roads, particularly those with large potholes.
6. Never overload a tire.
Overloading is the second leading cause of tire failure, next to underinflation.
All tires are designed to operate within a maximum load range designated by a code on the tire sidewall. Exceeding this can result in both excessive wear and reduced tire life due to structural damage, including the potential for sudden failure.
In most vehicles, the maximum passenger and cargo load for which the vehicle and tires are designed is printed on the same label that designates recommended tire pressures. That load, particularly in the case of trucks and SUVs, may be substantially less than the vehicle is physically able to contain. It is critical that the maximum allowable load never be exceeded.
When determining the actual load in your vehicle, don't overlook the tongue-weight of a trailer if you are trailer towing, since it also acts directly on the vehicle's tires.
7. Avoid overheating tires.
Heat, like load, is the enemy of tire life. The higher the heat it is subjected to, the shorter the tire's life--in terms of both tread wear and structural resistance.
High speeds, high loads, underinflation, coarse pavement or concrete, and aggressive driving, including high cornering loads and hard braking, all contribute to high tire temperatures. Combined with high ambient temperatures and continuous use, they can create extreme circumstances and cause sudden tire failure.
To maximize tire life and safety, therefore, it is important to minimize the simultaneous occurrence of such conditions. Be particularly vigilant at high temperatures and adjust your driving style to consider its effect on tire life and performance.
8. Replace tires when required.
Your vehicle's tires should be replaced if:
Any portion of the tread is worn to the "wear indicator bars"--lateral bars molded into the tire grooves at about 20 percent of their new tread depth--or to a depth, as measured in a groove, of 1/16th inch or less.
* Tread wear is severely uneven (in which case have the wheel alignment checked) or the center is worn much more than the edges (be more vigilant about tire pressures).
* The tire sidewalls are severely cracked or there are bulges anywhere on the tire.
* There is any indication of tread separation from the tire carcass.
* The tire has been punctured and cannot be satisfactorily repaired.
There are other reasons you may need new tires, as well. If you have been running on winter tires, then a change is in order in the spring. Using snow tires on dry roads accelerates their wear significantly and diminishes both traction and handling ability.
9. Install tires in matched pairs or complete sets.
Installing different tires on the left and right sides can significantly upset the handling balance of a vehicle--not to mention its ABS operation. For that reason, it is imperative that tires be installed in front or rear pairs, or complete sets.
Those pairs should be the same construction, size, brand and type, with approximately the same tread wear. In most cases, if you have to buy one new tire, you should buy a pair. It is essential that side-to-side pairs be the same and highly desirable that front and rear pairs also be matched, except in cases such as high-performance cars with larger tires in the rear.
If you replace only two, the new tires should generally go on the rear wheels, regardless of whether the vehicle is FWD, RWD, or AWD. It is important to maintain maximum traction at the rear wheels to ensure stability. Putting new tires on the front and nearly worn-out tires on the rear wheels of any vehicle is a recipe for instability. It is thus very important to avoid dramatic differences in tread wear, front-to-rear.
Under no circumstances should you have tires of different construction (radial and bias ply) or different classification (all-season and winter) on opposite ends or sides, since handling can be adversely affected.
10. Select the right tires for your vehicle and driving environment.
Recent improvements in "all-season" tires have substantially advanced the concept of one-tire-for-all-needs. On the other hand, more specialized tires than ever are now available for high performance, rain, snow, ice, off-road and touring. Some are even uni-directional, "run-flat" and even "green."
Most drivers are happy just to know they have "all-season" tires, and that is the way most new vehicles are equipped. These are a benign compromise, sacrificing exceptional capability in any one area of performance for acceptable capability in all.
Within that premise, however, there are huge variations in actual performance. Unfortunately, factors that improve one tire characteristic tend to diminish another. For example:
* A hard tread compound may enhance tread life and fuel economy but detract from both wet and dry traction;
* Short, stiff sidewall construction may enhance cornering power and directional stability but detract from ride quality;
* A wide tread with minimal grooving may enhance dry grip but detract from traction in wet and snowy conditions;
* An aggressive, open tread may enhance snow traction but aggravate tire noise and sacrifice tread life on pavement.
Waste tire storage and disposal options -
Iowa Law and administrative rules provide clear direction on the storage and disposal requirements for waste tires. Land disposal of waste tires has been prohibited since July 1, 1991.
The burial or open burning of waste tires is strictly prohibited.
Quick facts on waste tire storage and disposal:
* The indoor or outdoor storage of waste tires in limited to 500 tires. Any tire storage beyond this limit will require a permit.
* The open burning of waste tires is strictly prohibited.
* Waste tires, including whole, cut, or shredded form, may not be dumped or buried on the landscape.
* Whole waste tires (pneumatic) are banned from disposal at a sanitary landfill unless cut into pieces of 18 inches or less. A landfill shall accept a properly processed tire for disposal.
Frequently Asked Questions on Waste Tire Disposal
Some common questions and answers concerning waste tire disposal options are listed below, along with related information and resources.
Can waste tires be disposed of in a landfill?
Land disposal of waste tires has been prohibited since July 1, 1991, unless the tire has been processed so that no one piece of the tire is greater than 18 inches, as stated in Iowa Code Chapter 455D.11. A sanitary landfill shall not refuse to accept a waste tire that has been properly processed.
Why are waste tires banned from landfills?
Waste tires have been banned from landfills for a variety of reasons:
* They do not readily decompose within a landfill
* They are not easily compacted
* During the decomposition process within a landfill, lighter-end gases are released. These gases can build up within the interior of the tire, making the tire gradually "float" to the surface. This compromises the integrity of the landfill design, and results in tires that won't stay buried.
How can I dispose of my tires properly?
You can usually dispose of your waste tires through the tire dealer that you purchase your new tires from. These dealers commonly have a waste tire processor/recycler pick up their waste tires, so that the waste tires can be retreaded and recapped, and put on the road again, or they may be processed and recycled into other materials for beneficial uses. Often times your tire dealer includes the price for this disposal in the price of your new tires. If not, you may be charged a nominal fee for proper disposal of your old tires.
Other sites that may accept waste tires for a disposal fee include:
* Recycling centers
* Sanitary landfills
* Registered Waste Tire Haulers
* Permitted Waste Tire Processors
Why do I have to pay a fee to dispose of my tires if they can be recycled or reused?
While the State of Iowa does not have a mandatory deposit or fee for disposal of a waste tire, most sites that accept waste tires for disposal do charge a fee. Just as you pay a fee for disposal of your household wastes, including garbage pickup, wastewater, etc., disposal of waste tires are no different. While a waste tire has the potential to be recycled and reused again in other products, the inputs required to break the tire down into these recyclable components are very costly. Often times the market price for a recycled waste tire product cannot incorporate all costs that have been associated with the production of the recycled waste tire product, and therefore it is usually necessary for the tire recycler to collect a "tipping fee" from the consumer or business that is disposing of the waste tire.
Country Tire offers full tire service on Main Street -
By Dan Whitney, Staff Writer
Mel Kruse, the owner of Country Tire and Service, opened his business three years ago, and moved to his current location at 300 East Main Street in Cherokee in September 2010.
Country Tire and Service employs five people, including Kruse and his son Dustin. The other full-time employees are Cody Anderson, Rick Claschen and Adam Schossow. Kyle Halder and Brady Pingel also work part-time at Country Tire...
... Mel (photo) had fixed his own cars for many years, but he decided to start doing it for a living after Dustin attended Motor Technician courses at Iowa Lakes Community College.
Country Tire and Service provides a full range of services for customers' tire needs, including mounting, balancing and tire sales. They also provide on-site services to farmers when they experience tire problems in the field. Rick Claschen also now provides engine repair for lawnmowers and other small engines...
... Country Tire and Service also has both full service and self-service gas pumps, where customers can purchase either Unleaded or Super Unleaded gas.
They are open six days a week, Monday - Saturday, from 7 a.m. - 5 p.m.
Northside Tire - a family-owned businesss for 34 years -
By Dan Whitney, Staff Writer -
Northside Tire, located at 5146 Highway 59, was founded in 1977 by the late Leonard Korleski, and is still owned by his wife Darlene. Their son, Dean, serves as the manager of the full-service operation, and several other family members are also actively involved, including Dean's sister, Connie Schmidt, and his son Greg and his wife Amanda.
Northside employs seven people, including non-Korleski-family members Andy DeMan, James Kozora and Chris Daugherty. They are open for business from 7:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday and 7:30 a.m. - 12 noon on Saturdays. Their business is on North Highway 59 - right across from the Cherokee water tower...
... Northside offers many services for their customers, including oil changes, brake service, suspension work and sales and full ervice on batteries and tires. Tires and service are provided for cars, light trucks, semi trucks, construction equipment and agricultural equipment, as well as for ATVs, golf carts, lawn mowers and other small vehicles. All major brands of tires are available.
A big part of their work involves full service on-site farm service, which Dean says used to be primarily a spring and summer job but now, thanks to such things as encosed cabs on tractors and heated machine sheds, Northside provides farm service year-round - for farmers in a four county area.
Northside's motto is "Service sells - everyone has a product."
(Photo - Left to right, Connie Schmidt, Dean Korleski, Amanda Korleski and Greg Korleski. Not pictured - Andy DeMan, James Kozora and Chris Daugherty. Photo by Dan Whitney)