The Times Thursday gave an account of the morning session of the Good Roads meeting held at the court house and predicted that the afternoon session would be even more profitable and interesting. It was. The program was changed somewhat in the afternoon, the first paper being that of W. A. Sanford on "Good Roads." This was a thoughtful discussion of the topic both from the standpoint of the interest of the people of the country and of the city, the reader contending that the interests of each are mutual through the direct benefits are of even greater benefit to the county than to the town. The importance of first having a well considered plan formulated and then working consistently to that was emphasized.
The next paper called for was that of E. D. Huxford on the same subject, but awing to Mr. Huxford not having been notified of the change in the order of the program he was not present. W. H. Keck, of Washta, offered some valuable suggestions as to road building founded on his experience in traveling over the roads of the county. Drainage is the first requisite, then a solid road bed and this should not be narrow nor too sloping. He advocated permanent culverts. The general discussion of these papers was animated and called forth some valuable suggestions from the road builders of the count. Some of the experience had been dearly aid for and the free discussion will prevent costly errors in the future.
George Clark, of Rock, opened the discussion on "Cement Culverts," the construction of a number of which he had supervised in Rock. He did not think it necessary to buy costly commercial forms; that temporary forms were easily and cheaply constructed which answered quite as well. He emphasized the necessity of getting the foundations well down on that the water could not undermine them, he did not think that in the ordinary culvert reinforcement is necessary; the sides above grade should be protected by walls; thus preventing slipping of vehicles over the culverts and also forming a guide to the roadway which teams would follow even when it was too dark or the driver "too sleepy" to see them. Mr. Clark's remarks called forth a lively discussion particularly as the necessity of cement bottoms in culverts. B. I. Radcliffe, of Marcus, inquired if these were necessary and most of those responding thought it was and that spill ways should be provided. Jos. Hobbs, of Marcus, thought differently, founded on his experience in Marcus township, where he had put in such culverts without bottoms with excellent success. Mr. Radcliffe called attention to the constant washing from the higher ground of the alluvial soil that culverts were constantly being filed up from this cause and suggested that it might be better to leave out the bottom that the erosion might continue there which would be prevented by a concrete bottom, but this was vigorously combated by others who had had experience in building cement culverts.
"The Ways and Means For Cement Culverts" was the next topic, and of those assigned to this topic W. R. Lenkins and John Williams, of Washta, and Fred Meyers, of Marcus, responded and the trend of their remarks, as well of those made in the general discussion was to the effect that the townships now had sufficient means provided to erect permanent culverts, the thing that was most necessary was expert supervision by persons who could calculate the amount of water which at times would pass through the culvert so as to provide adequate size of water way and strength of culvert needed. Many thought that this work should be left to the county supervisors who could call in experts, others thought there should be a county civil engineer who should be county superintendent of roads and subject to the call of the trustees when work of this kind was to be done. W. P. Dawson called attention to a bill before the legislature which provided that 85 per cent of the automobile license should be distributed to the townships of the state and this would be available to build permanent culverts.
J. H. Dodge, superintendent of road construction office of public roads, Washington, D. V., remained for the afternoon session and was frequently called upon for information regarding different phases of road building. He has built roads in every section of the United States and has a large experience from which to draw and his responses were exact and to the point.
The next subject was "Uniform Amount Allowed Man and Team For Road Work." The topic was responded to by Wm. Montgomery, of Cedar who thought that a uniform amount should be established throughout the county. In Cedar they allowed 40 cents per hour for man and team and 20 cents for man alone. He thought that it was better to pay by the hour than by a day of ten hours as farmers frequently cold not put in ten hours, go home and to dinner and do chores while they could put in 8 or 9 hours.
Definition, history and some interesting and unusual facts about conservation were presented to Wilson high students by Archie Nelson in the school's auditorium was the first of a series being given in county schools by members of the Cherokee County Conservation league.
Nelson was introduced by B. R. Harris, president of the league, who declared that "sooner or later conservation will be the most vital issue in our lives because it controls the very water we drink and the food we eat." Harris explained that the series of programs was being conducted to see that Cherokee county does its share in the "gigantic task of conserving natural resources."
Nelson, past president of the conservation league, opened his talk with a definition of his subject. "Conservation," he said, "Is the wise use of our material resources for the benefit of mankind. Conservation recognizes the fact that there is no such thing as independence, that nothing and nobody lives and dies by itself or by him or herself. In conservation we recognize the soil and its contest, the waters and their contents, the atmosphere and its contest."
The speaker traced the beginnings of conservation in the state, harking back to 1856 when an amendment to the then existing law providing a bounty on wolves was offered in the state senate. It provided:
"Any wolf or other voracious beast which shall feloniously, maliciously and unlawfully attack with intent to kill, or do great bodily injury to any sheep, ass, or other domestic animal shall on being duly prosecuted thereof, be declared as enemy of our republican institution and as outlaw and it shall be lawful for the person aggrieved by such an attack to kill such beast wherever it shall be found and if the beast unlawfully resists, the injured party may notify the governor, who shall thereupon call out the militia of the state to resist said voracious beast, and if the militia of the state shall be overcome in such battle, then the governor is authorized to make a requisition upon the president of the United States."
Nelson explained the method of establishing game management areas and told why conservation has become increasingly important in recent years. He explained that long ago "European countries realized the need for conservation."
He listed several unusual facts and closed by locating state parks of particular interest to Cherokeans.
Talks are scheduled for Quimby, Marcus, Cleghorn and the Junior college.
The Cherokee County board of supervisors went on record unanimously Monday as favoring passage of senate file 143 as presented in the Iowa assembly by the senate committee on highways, providing for designation and development of a farm-to-market system of highways.
Government To Aid.
This bill, which is already on the senate calendar, provides a plan for development of far-to-market roads with the federal government cooperating on a 50-50 basis with the counties. Each county will determine for itself whether or not it will participate. If it participates apportionment of federal funds will be made on the basis of the area of the county as compared with the area of the entire state and federal farms will be matched dollar for dollar from the county's allotment of gasoline tax collections.
Must Meet Requirements.
The bill, if passed, is expected to result in rapid development of a system of farm-to-market roads throughout the state, eventually affording every farm home access to an all-season road connection with its local market. It is believed federal aid in this work will increase as the years pass.
More than 50 delegates and wives attended the Eighth District meeting of World War I Veterans held the evening of January 13 at Cherokee American Legion Hall.
A talk on pending legislation was given by Department of Iowa Commander Ed Te Veltrup who has since met with Sens. Bourke Hickenlooper, and Jack Miller also Rep. Jack Miller and others in Washington, D.C.
James F. McMartin, Eighth district commander, stressed the importance of increase in membership if the pension for Veterans and Widows is to be obtained. Cherokee County Barracks No. 1506 reported 45 members of a possible 100 plus.
Iowa is eighth place in number to Barracks and fourth place in membership. It is hoped that more Barracks and Auxiliary members can be recruited.
Cherokee Barracks meets the third Monday of each month with the place to be announced. The next meeting is to be February 19 at the American Legion Hall at 8 p.m. Officers will be elected. Dues are $5 for the Barracks and $2 for the Auxiliary.
The next District meeting in April will be at Orange City.
The Cherokee County Board of Supervisors purchased a motor grader at a net cost of $15,678 during a regular meeting Friday.
This grader is a Huber Warco Model 10-D and was purchased from the Mid-Continent Equipment Company of Sioux City.
The workman's compensation and fire insurance compensation and fire insurance policies on big equipment kept at the county shop were renewed with the Hartford Insurance Company through Miller-McClintock Insurance here.
Jim Montgomery, Larrabee, was appointed appraiser and John Galvin, Aurelia, assistant appraiser, to represent the Board of Supervisors at condemnation proceedings to acquire right-of-way at a later date.
Gertrude Quinn of Cherokee was named the 1987 First Lady of the Year on Monday by the sponsoring chapters of Beta Sigma Phi. She is the fourteenth lady to be selected for the honor. A panel of judges made the selection from several letters of nominations from throughout the county, but only the name selected is made known to the public.
"Gert," as she is more affectionately known, was nominated for the honor by Terry Walker, director of Sanford Museum and Planetarium; Joyce Bennett; the Executive Board of United Presbyterian Women of Memorial Presbyterian Church; Pat Ellerbrock of the Cherokee Public Library, and Martha Patterson.
In each of the letters she is recognized for her volunteerism. At the museum, Quinn has helped prepare the brochures and program announcements; supervised the mailing and recruited other people to assist; has served as receptionist; has assisted the museum's artist and administrative assistant in setting up exhibits in the Sanford Room, and in 1982, she was chosen by the Trustees of the Tiel Sanford Museum Memorial Fund to replace Peg Deleplane as a museum trustee.
Quinn served as a member of the Cherokee Library Board of Trustees from 1968 until 1982. She was instrumental in personally working to improve the library building, the grounds and in making contributions.
She was instrumental in helping to organize the Friends of the Library group and is a devoted worker. At present she is president of the group continuing to give freely of her time beneficial to the library.
A friend describes her "as a willing worker, a neighbor with a smile and an encouraging word when needed, a friend of everyone she meets, and one whose helping feet, hands and caring heart are felt in many organizations by many individuals in Cherokee."
Members of UPW recognized her as a faithful member of the church, serving as teacher and Bible School helper, a deaconess and member of the Board of Trustees. She volunteers for church-related activities.
She is recognized for church and community activities, but she also has time for family and friends. She and her husband Eulas are parents of two children, Julie Wright, a homemaker and mother of three, of Cherokee and Dennis, a hairstylist in Chicago.
And she shares her home and hospitality to different groups including the DAR, Adult Education, church circles and Community Fund Drive.
An open house reception will be held in her honor March 8 at the Cherokee Community Center from 2 to 3:30 p.m. beginning with a program at 2.
Sponsoring chapters of Beta Sigma Phi for the annual event are Preceptor Beta Phi and Xi Zeta Eta, both Cherokee and Aurelia Mu Theta.