The Illinois Central railroad has started a crusade against the mosquito. Dr. G. G. Dowdall, chief surgeon of the road, will fight the insects with gold fish. He contends he has discovered the gold fish's mission in life and from experiments has found they are destroyers of the malaria carrying insects.
The Illinois Central intends to stock every pool of stagnant water along its lines with the fish. Letters have been written to the various state hatcheries asking co-operation. The experiments made by Dr. Dowdall have proved so satisfactory to the officials of the road that they will establish hatcheries of their own, if they cannot get assistance from the states.
All minnows eat the larvae of the mosquito, according to Dr. Dowdall. But no minnow except that of the gold fish is able to live in stagnant water, his experiments have determined. His theory is that if all green scummed water holes are stocked with these hardy minnows, the breeding places of the mosquito will be destroyed.
Dr. Dowdall believes that the minnow system is the only one with which to destroy the pest, although the Illinois Central has tried oiling many of the larger bodies of water with good results.
Several years ago L. G. Wertz had a gold fish hatchery at Riverside park. The pond where the fish were kept was on the edge of the heavy woods which skirt Woodland. Thousands of mosquitoes swarm the timber. The gold fish in the Wertz hatchery were fed off the larvae which was deposited in the water. Campers who sought the woods in that neighborhood noticed the scarcity of the insects about the fish pond. Dr. Dowdall has discovered the reason.
The total production of coal in Iowa in 1911 was $7,331,648 short tons, valued at $12,663,507, according to a statement just issued by E. W. Parker, of the United States Geological Survey, compiled from data collected by the Federal Survey and the Iowa Geological Survey.
In Iowa, as in the other states of the interior province, shooting coal off the solid is practiced to an unfortunate degree. Of the 6,171,995 tons for which the mining methods were reported to the Geological Survey, the quality shot off the soil was 5,017 short tons, or 8.13 percent.
Scores of farm laborers have been given employment in Cherokee county harvest fields during the past week, the Farm Bureau and National Reemployment office here reported Tuesday. The men receive an average wage of $3 per day.
Although the bumper grain harvest is well under way, a number of farmers can still use hands, officials pointed out. Applications for placement may be made either at the reemployment office in the court house or at the Farm Bureau beneath the post office.
Some combines are operating in the county. Farm Bureau officials said, but there are not enough at present to raise a labor problem. Farmers owning these rigs are renting them at an average rate of from $2.50 to $3 per acre.
Threshing will begin in about two weeks, it is estimated, unless delayed by rains. Farmers are not quite half through with grain cutting. Rye, the first grain to be cut, is nearly done and work is progressing in barley and early oats. Late oats will probably be the last general cutting. There is little wheat in the county, but farmers state the few fields cultivated will be cut for grain.
Corn is coming along fine. Farm Bureau men report, and although a rain would be welcome the grain is not suffering any ill effects from the protracted dry spell. There are, of course, the officials declared, a few fields of light soil where the corn is in need of moisture, but generally speaking enough subsoil moisture is present to carry corn over a long period.
Tuesday night's shower had little effect on county crops except in the northeast section of the area where a steadier and heavier precipitation was recorded.
Oats are ripening this week better than during the previous week and indications continue to point to one of the largest and finest crops in the history of the county.
The Illinois Central Railroad spent $397,842 in Cherokee county during 1936, an average of $1,090 per day, every day of the year, according to a study just concluded by the railroad. Expenditures in Iowa as a whole last year for wages, pensions, supplies, water, electric power, telephone and taxes totaled $4,503,659, or $12,311 per day.
The Iowa payroll of the Illinois Central amounted to $3,879,878 last year, with an average working force of 2327 employees. In addition, 135 retired Iowa employees received pensions amounting to $84,995 in 1936.
The Illinois Central paid taxes of $32,756 in Cherokee county last year. The railroad's total tax bill in Iowa for 1936 was $421,633 and $54,846 was expended for materials and supplies in the state.
Plans are boiling and activity is bearing a fever pitch with final plans being laid by for the Quimby Diamond Jubilee to open next Tuesday for a two-day celebration.
Located here in ancient times was the Simonsen Bison kill site.
According to findings from the site, the first man came to Cherokee County and near Quimby more than 8,000 years ago.
The first man was a nomadic hunter clothed in animal skins. He lived in the open with no housing except trees and shrubs. He hunted any edible game. He knew no rule but survival and killed without conscience.
Moving closer to today, pioneer residents used to tell about the visits of Indians and how they camped near homesteads. They also told of the tales of Inkapaduta.
In the early stages of settlement around Quimby, the only roads were trails and most cabins had clay floors.
The early settlers were plagued with disasters. Old-timers relate stories of the grasshopper plague of 1876 when crops were destroyed.
In 1891 there was the flood which left 500 people homeless but didn't reach Quimby because it was on higher ground. The Pomeroy Cyclone took its toll in 1883 and the Quimby Bank was looted in 1903. In 1914 the town of Quimby was swept by fire.
But all of this will be depicted during the Jubilee Tuesday and Wednesday. Guests will also have a permanent record of the history of Quimby in the Jubilee book of more than 200 pages.
Looking at the list of events planned here are just a few.
The lovely Miss Quimby will represent the town during the celebration. The queen, Helen Mundy has been selected, and attendants will add an aire of royalty to the event.
An historical pageant will highlight the Diamond Jubilee. The pageant will grace the growth of Quimby. It will have the authentic look of men in flowing beards, and women in sunbonnet costumes.
Another highlight of the event will be the judging for best beard. Preparations for this contest has been going on for some time as nearly everyone has witnessed with the variety of shapes, sizes and various types of beards.
Nearly all of the business and civic groups are lending a hand in the festivities and preparing booths, concessions and ideas for the long-awaited jubilee.
Charles McClintock is chairman of the Jubilee and has his hands full coordinating the event.
The final public meetings and rehearsals are being held for the anniversary.
A history exhibit will be held and commemorative plates will be sold.
The 75-year-old residents will be honored during the affair and a color TV set will be given away.
To list a few of the concessions, there will be bingo, a blanket stand, water drinking stand, lunch stands and pony rides.
Teen, square and modern dances are also on the agenda. Jim Luchfel will furnish music for the square dance on Tuesday and Jimmy Smith will play for the modern dance Wednesday.
There will be a parade with singers, bands and floats. A Kiddies Parade will kick-off the Jubilee Tuesday at 4 p.m.
The first showing of the pageant will take place at 7:30 p.m. and will be followed by beard and sunbonnet judging. A free square dance will close the day.
Wednesday's program will open at 2 p.m. with a second parade entirely different.
Everyone is urged to attend this long-awaited celebration of the Diamond Jubilee.
The stay of the pit bull in Cherokee may be limited.
At the Tuesday night meeting of the Cherokee City Council, it was decided to place the pit bulls and their owners under the existing city ordinance which rules it "unlawful for any person to harbor or keep a vicious dog within the city."
Pit bull owner Jeff Roberts spoke at the meeting on behalf of this certain breed of dog saying "any breed of dog can be taught to be vicious...we have ours in the house and around our baby with no problem, yet the whole breed gets a bad reputation from a few had incidents."
This action of the council does not instantly enforce this ruling. This was only the first presentation of the ordinance, thus it must be presented two more times before it becomes law.
Council members seemed to listen to some of the citizens who spoke in opposition to some of the council's actions.
They voted not to approve an ordinance which would change the name of King Street to North First Street after a concerned citizen voiced his opinion to the council during the ordinance's second presentation.
"I don't see why this has to be changed now after it has been this way for almost 100 years," said Ray Williams, principal land owner on King Street.
Proponents of the name change favored it because it would help in locating the hospital, Williams said.
"Everyone in town should know where the hospital is, and for those people from out of town, there are plenty of signs to help them find it," he said.
In other action:
* Council decided to reject all bids received for a five year maintenance contract for the Mental Health Institute water tower in hopes the existing company, Watertower Paint and Repair Co., of Clear Lake, will perform work on the tower for at least another year. The council took this action in hopes that all the city watertowers could be placed under the same contract. The expiration date for two of the city's towers are in 1989 and 1990.
* A bid was awarded to Haselhoff Construction to pave half of Pine Street next to the Post Office and to also repair to the northwest corner of South Second Street and West Locust Street. The bid was a proposed price of $3,857.25 for the project which Haselhoff Construction said could be done between July 15-August 15.
* County members denied requests from residents to improve two driveways on Magnetic Street and three driveways on North 11th St. to prevent their cars from dragging at the end of the driveways. The driveways currently stick past the curb to decrease their slope. The council decided to replace the driveways as is.
* Specifications were tabled on items to be purchased for the street department until more specifications could be found. Specifications were listed for a used truck for a sander, a new sander unit and a new one-way plow to be mounted on a used truck and to trade in an existing sander unit with a truck. City Administrator Gil Bremicker was advised by the council to look into getting specifications for a slide-in sander unit and a used dump truck and hoist. Bremicker said the purchase of a slide-in unit would make the purchase of a truck more flexible as the truck would not only be used for sanding purposes.
* Something new will be tried as Mud-Jacking Company of Nebraska City, Neb., was awarded the contract to try its mud-jacking service on Oak Knoll Drive to prevent a worsening problem of hollowing under the concrete surface. Mud-Jacking Company charges a rate of $125 per house plus materials.
Council denied the request to give former Cherokee police officers their Social Security refunds if they no longer work for the city.