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Saturday, Apr. 30, 2016

Times Gone By

Friday, January 25, 2013

100 years ago

Iowa's only case of Pallagra, a wasting disease prevalent in the south, was reported in full today before the members of the Sioux Valley Medical association, in session at the Martin Hotel. The report concerned a woman living at Cherokee. She suffered three years and finally died.

Dr. P. B. Cleaves of Cherokee made the interesting report during the course of a paper on the disease.

Pallagra was explained as a wasting disease which generally causes the patient to suffer delusions and become insane. The word means "rough skin." It has been epidemic in the south for several years. The death record in Alabama has been increased some years by 1,000 on account of pellagra.

In the case reported by Dr. Cleaves, the patient showed different mental ailments during her sickness.

The disease is active only during the summer. During cold weather the woman was perfectly rational and free from her sufferings. In summer she was being attacked, that she was in danger and that her body was being cut to pieces. Application was made to the state board of control to admit the patient to the insane hospital at Cherokee. She died the day before the permit arrived.

Cr. Cleaves stated that because of the unusual development of insanity in pellagra cases, investigators usually go to the hospitals for the insane when they wish to study the cases.

No case has been found in the Iowa asylums.

The general belief is that pellagra is caused by spoiled corn. One well known authority has advanced the theory that it is transmitted by the bite of the insect. The spoiled corn theory has more backers than the parasite explanation. Several cases of pellagra have been discovered in Illinois.

Thursday evening the membership of the Congregational church and their friends gathered in the spacious parlors of the church and there gave a reception to the pastor and his family. As soon as all were introduced and had greeted Rev. Moore and his family a program was announced by Mrs. W. R. Johnson.

The first number was a piano solo by Harriet Sage. As a debater she is strong but no less so at the piano.

The second number was a vocal solo by Mrs. Nestor Stiles. Her selection was very pleasing and heartily encored. Edith Gracey followed with a select reading and so well did she that she had to respond with a second number.

The last number on the program was a vocal quartette by Mrs. W. R. Johnson, Anna Rosene, Ruth Phipps and Mrs. Mary Lewis. This number was thoroughly enjoyed and was in keeping with the short, though excellent program.

After the program refreshments of cake and coffee were served by the young ladies of the congregation.

The room was simply yet beautifully decorated with flowers and ferns and the chief attraction of the decorations was an immense and extremely beautiful bouquet of American Beauty roses artistically arranged. This creation of the florist's art was presented by Mrs. Thos. McCulla and Mrs. J. A. Morrell in honor of their parents, Dr. and Mrs. R. L. Cleaves, who were not able to be present because of the doctor's illness. It was recalled that Dr. Cleaves is the only living charter member of the church.

After the refreshments had been served a social chat was enjoyed for a half hour, following which all departed for their homes with best wishes for the new pastor and his family.

75 years ago

Cooperation of farm organization agents with county authorities to combat the spread of livestock thefts in Northwest Iowa was urged here Friday afternoon in a resolution approved by sheriffs and police officers from more than a dozen counties, conferring with state agents of the Iowa bureau of investigation at the court house.

The resolution, as released by State Agent S. G. Quealy, Fort Dodge, in charge of the meeting, is as follows:

"Be it resolved by the sheriff's officers of Northwest Iowa, assembled at Cherokee, Iowa, this 25th day of February, 1938, that agents of all farm organizations throughout the state, stress upon their members and other citizens in their respective communities, the importance of reporting immediately upon discovery to their sheriffs all thefts and losses of livestock and farm produce, as well as all suspicious actions and appearances of trucks and cars in farm communities and to make a record of all license numbers carried on such vehicles, with the end in view of detecting and preventing thievery and thereby recovery of loot."

Quealy, speaking for the bureau of investigation, told the group of 33 officers that the state office was convinced most of the major thefts were committed by members of organized gangs.

He pointed out the majority of thefts are made at farms located off the main highways.

Ice harvesting - Prior to the refrigerator being invented, people would use blocks of ice to keep their food items along with themselves cool during the summer months. Here is a look at how that ice was brought to market. This work crew is hard at work cutting ice on the Little Sioux River and hauling it away, presumably to a ice house that usual was dug in to the ground were sawdust was then place on the ice to keep it from melting so it could be used in the summer.
Several suggestions to check up on, truckers carrying livestock were brought up by various officers.

One sheriff proposed that highway patrolmen cover by-road territory several nights each week and stop every truck seen, checking its cargo and finding out where it came from and where it was destined in addition to other information.

Another sheriff said it would be a good idea to have one of the patrolmen check the driver, registration and license while the other counted the stock. After examination, the truck driver would be asked to describe the exact number of head of stock. If he would fail the officer would have grounds to hold him for investigation until it could be determined whether any of the livestock was stolen.

An officer from a county bordering Minnesota said it was his opinion a number of the raids being staged in Iowa are the result of out-state gangs dipping into this territory. He said a man he recently captured for stealing six large steers and selling them on the South St. Paul market admitted activities which led him to believe he was connected with a Minnesota gang.

50 years ago

The goal of the 25th anniversary March of Dimes this January is to provide the best of medical care in their communities to the hundreds of thousands of American children disabled by birth defects and arthritis.

Mrs. Warren Held and Don Shoemaker, co-chairmen of the Cherokee County March of Dimes said a fund drive is urgently needed in this area.

They declared: "We are asking everyone to 'Give for the Life of a Child,' because there are so many communities that just do not have adequate facilities to care of the disabled child.

"In addition, millions of dollars must still be devoted annually to aiding the thousands of polio victims from former years," they said.

"The March of Dimes," Mrs. Held and Shoemaker declared, "given adequate public support, will move fast to increase its help to victims of birth defects and arthritis while at the same time meeting its responsibilities in the field of polio."

There are now more than 50 March of Dimes treatment centers in many sectors of the U.S. They are affiliated with nearly one half of the nation's medical schools.

Such centers, some for birth defects and others for arthritis or polio, stress early and accurate diagnosis along with expert treatment.

Mrs. Held and Shoemaker explained that prompt treatment and therapy by teams of medical specialists can often prevent or correct progressive crippling of young limbs and bodies.

While the Salk and Sabin vaccines are the best known results of March of Dimes supported research, Mrs. Held declared that the 25-year fight against polio had also opened up many lines of inquiry into birth defects, arthritis and other diseases.

It is felt that many of those research leads will be followed up by March of Dimes research grantees here and abroad as well as by scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies which is now being built in San Diego. Officials said it is a vast program and will require large amounts of money.

Said Mrs. Held: "I'm confident Cherokee County residents will continue to support the March of Dimes in its historic role of advancing the well-being of mankind. I invite residents of this county to respond generously to our appeal "Give for the Life of a Child."

Five Cherokee County delegates will be among nearly 500 leaders and county staff members attending the 13th annual 4-H Leaders Recognition Day at Iowa State University Monday.

Chester Benson, county extension associate, made the announcement and reported among those attending will be Mrs. Wayne Tigges, Peterson; Mrs. James Schueder, Larrabee; Robert Lockwood, Cherokee; Robert Jackson, Cherokee.

They will be accompanied by Miss Theda Mello Scott, county extension assistant.

The event is sponsored by the cooperative agricultural and home economics extension service of Iowa State University and the Iowa Retail Federation which provides funds for the program and banquet.

Theme of the event is "This is 4-H in Iowa." Dr. Marvin Anderson, associate director of the Iowa Extension Service will welcome the group.

Leaders will have an opportunity to submit questions about the 4-H program and following a luncheon and tours of the campus delegates will hear a symposium of "4-H in the 60s."

Featured speaker of the evening banquet will be Miss Julia Faltinson, assistant dean of home economics and a National Alumni Award winner. Her topic is "Leadership--A Reward and a Challenge."

25 years ago

Henry Phipps was officially installed as a member of the Cherokee City Council Tuesday evening. He was elected Jan. 19 to fill the vacancy in Ward II after Robert Jacobson resigned.

The council also is in the process of developing plans for a new City Hall.

According to Gil Bremicker, city administrator, the city council has agreed to ask four firms to make written proposals on the construction of a new City Hall. The proposals will be for a building on the old Farmer's Elevator Coop site. Proposals will be reviewed by the council at the Feb. 23 meeting.

The four firms which have been asked to submit proposals include Duffy, Ruble, Mamura and Brygger of Sioux City; Huntington Ewing Architects, P.C. of Storm Lake; Architects Collaborative of Spencer; and Structural Designs, Inc., of Holstein. The tentative building plans are for a 60 x 70 square foot building.

The council went into executive session to discuss the purchase of the real estate. No action was taken during this session, according to Bremicker.

Also included on the council agenda was the discussion of the East Indian Street project.

The council members agreed the East Indian Street project will be the priority project at this time.

According to Bremicker, the project now has an estimated cost of $195,000. This figure includes 402 feet of Ridgeview Drive and storm sewer, curb and gutter for the 22-foot wide street.

Bremicker said payment for the project will come from four sources. The county will pay for 11 feet of the street, on East Indian only. The county payment amounts to approximately $42,000. The city of Cherokee will contribute $82,000, which will lower the assessments for the city residents.

The other two sources of funds are the assessments from the benefitting property owners and the owners of county property, who will not be assessed.

"The county is not assessing county property owners. So the county property owners may make a contribution to the project in lieu of assessments," Bremicker said.

In other council action, Phipps was appointed to be the council representative to the Fire Department. The council passed a motion approving the purchase of a computer system for the Police Department.

The council discussed whether the two parce3ls of land owned by the city should be farmed for another year. Members of the council agreed one four-acre parcel, located south of Charles Street, will be farmed. Tom Jenness will be given the option of farming the land for another year.

The 12-acre parcel, located across from Spring Lake between the Little Sioux River and the railroad tracks south of West Beech Street, will be used for a nature conservatory, according to Bremicker.

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