Abe deserves a national holiday
As U.S. President, Abraham Lincoln ended slavery, won the Civil War, and ensured that the United States would remain united in the modern world. His face is printed on the five-dollar bill and stamped on the penny. The Lincoln Memorial is one of the nation's iconic sites.
But Lincoln's Birthday today, on Feb. 12, is not a national holiday, and it never has been. Nor is Lincoln officially remembered on a federal President's Day in late February. That's just not the case, despite a widespread belief to the contrary.
Remember that for decades following the Civil War the South and North remained split as to how to remember its sacrifice and heroes. Days to remember the fallen arose on separate dates in the two regions. In was only with the nationalizing tragedy of World War I that these combined into the Memorial Day we now celebrate.
Thus, a national Lincoln holiday would have been controversial to many in the South until well into the 20th century. Perhaps that's why Congress as a whole remained resistant.
That didn't stop states, of course, and many state governments followed New York's lead in establishing Lincoln's birthday as a holiday. But in recent years, some states have ditched Old Abe, in part because it falls near the federal holidays of Washington's birthday and Martin Luther King Jr. Day. In 2009, the California legislature passed a bill ending Lincoln's birthday as a paid state holiday.
In 1968, Congress considered the Uniform Monday Holidays Act, legislation that aimed to shuffle certain U.S. holidays around so as to create three-day weekends.
Early drafts of this bill did include a Presidents' Day meant to supplant the existing Washington's birthday holiday. This name change was suggested by one of the bill's main proponents, Rep. Robert McClory, who was -- you guessed it -- a Republican from Illinois.
But the bill stalled in committee. Eventually Congressman McClory dropped his Presidents' Day proposal to mollify lawmakers from Virginia, who wanted Washington's prerogatives preserved.
Momentum was restored, and the bill passed, creating the framework of three-day federal holidays Americans enjoy today. The name of the celebration on the third Monday in February remains "Washington's Birthday," as is clearly stated on the cover of the legislation.
In February 2001, Rep. Roscoe Bartlett, a Maryland Republican, made a final try at raising Old Abe's holiday profile by introducing a "Washington-Lincoln Recognition Act."
This bill called for the legal public holiday known as "Washington's Birthday" to be known by that name and no other. But it also requested that the President issue a proclamation each year recognizing the anniversary of the birth of President Abraham Lincoln and calling upon the people of the United States to observe such anniversary with appropriate ceremonies and activities.
This legislation was assigned to the House Committee on Government Reform, and there it languished, unpassed. Thus, 203 years after his birth in humble circumstances in rural Kentucky, Abe Lincoln still doesn't have a federal day to call his own.